National Curriculum 2020-02-14T15:30:00+00:00

National Curriculum

Children in Years 1 to 6 children study the National Curriculum which is separated into Core Subjects and Foundation Subjects.

Information on the National Curriculum framework can be found at the Gov.uk website:-

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-framework-for-key-stages-1-to-4

Individual curriculum content is located in the Year Group section.

THE CORE SUBJECTS

At Baines we believe that learning is a lifelong process; adults as well as children learn new things every day. Teachers learn through their teaching of children; children learn from the learning experiences provided and through their interactions with their environment and the people around them. In our school, adults and children are both teachers and learners.

At Baines we promote quality first teaching and we support a learning system that encourages teachers to cater for a variety of learning styles, in order to allow all pupils to access learning and be successful learners. We encourage children to be independent thinkers, to develop their spirituality and to become emotionally aware, so that they can become active learners, who can participate fully in the learning process.

At Baines we aim to provide a high-quality education. We have introduced and implemented the new curriculum, supported by the Lancashire Scheme of work. The Lancashire material has provided a scaffold for Subject Leaders to work with, to support the statutory National Curriculum Programmes of Study.

English

English is taught through the use of The Lancashire English Scheme; with reading at the heart of our English curriculum, it is incorporated within all curriculum subjects.

Using ‘Letters and Sounds’, we develop the systematic teaching of phonics. Beginning in EYFS and continuing into KS1, our children develop their phonic knowledge and skills. Children are taught to apply their phonic knowledge through their reading and writing.

At Baines’, we aim to excite and encourage children to read for pleasure. Children at Baines’ begin their reading journey with the Oxford Reading Tree Reading Scheme and progress to reading independently in Key Stage 2. The books that the children read to develop their reading skills are grouped according to levels and pupils progress through these appropriately. Through using ‘Accelerated Reader’, children’s progress in reading is monitored and comprehension developed.

In the classroom, teachers use quality texts to support children on their reading journey. In English lessons and across the curriculum, teachers develop the reading skills of all pupils, regardless of their ability. The teaching of reading is implemented through shared, guided and independent reading as well as listening to individual readers. Using a positive reward system, we actively encourage our pupils to read for pleasure.

Writing is delivered across all subjects. Our curriculum provides children with a sound knowledge of writing, across a variety of genres, using teaching techniques, such as guided, shared and modelled writing. The teaching of spelling is in line with the National Curriculum statutory requirements for all year groups.

At Baines’, we have incorporated ‘Talk for Writing’ strategies into our teaching, to further engage our pupils to write fluently and for a variety of purposes. Through talk, we allow our children to rehearse and revise their writing, before putting pen to paper. We encourage our pupils to develop an excellent vocabulary by immersing them in a language-rich environment

Maths

In Maths we aim to enable all children to learn, and develop their skills, to the best of their ability. We promote a positive attitude towards learning, so that children enjoy coming to school, and acquire a solid basis for lifelong learning. Pupils are motivated by teaching that aims to create a sense of curiosity and wonder. We teach children the basic skills of number and we aim to enable children to be creative and to develop independent thinking. The teaching of mathematics at Baines, strives to retain and develop children’s natural sense of curiosity about the world around them.

Through the teaching of mathematics we work to develop a set of attitudes which will promote mathematical ways of thinking, including open ended, perseverance, objectivity and a recognition of the importance of teamwork. Children at Baines are taught to become effective communicators of mathematical ideas, facts and data. Teaching aims to begin to build up a body of mathematical knowledge and understanding that will serve as a foundation for future enquiry.

Science

Science at Baines’ is a rich and varied subject, underpinned by the essential skills of ‘working scientifically’, and it is taught on a weekly basis as a core subject. These skills equip children with the abilities to be able to think like a scientist, from devising questions for investigations to planning full experiments, considering variables, making predictions and fair testing. Subject knowledge is spread across Biology, Chemistry and Physics in both KS1 and KS2 and progression of knowledge and skills is supported with the ‘Kent Scheme of Work’ planning. Key scientific terminology and a focus on scientific vocabulary is evident in all lessons. In Reception we start to develop blocks of knowledge and concepts alongside the development of enquiry skills. Children across school have the opportunity to go on science trails, educational visits, engage in practical activities, plan scientific investigations that are centred around their interests and curiosities take part in our exciting ‘Science week’ each year. Through Science week we have developed strong links with BAE, Victrex, UCLan, The Royal Astronomical Society, Blackpool and the Fylde College, Lancaster University, Bupa, Love My Beach, Junior Park Rangers and North West Ambulance Service. Science ambassadors, representing the science team, are also chosen from each class to celebrate children’s achievements in science lessons. At Baines’, we encourage imaginative and innovative application of skills and strive to promote a passion for science and its application in past, present and future technologies.

Art and Design

Art has a very important place within our curriculum and provides our children with a wide range of creative and artistic experiences throughout the school year. We see art as a vehicle for creativity and individual expression providing opportunities to promote imagination, creativity, confidence, self-esteem and personal fulfilment. It is an important part of cultural expression and therefore has significance and meaning for all our children. Our teaching provides an understanding of all the diverse art forms enabling our children to experience drawing, painting, collage, textiles, 3D design, modelling, printmaking and digital media. Our children are introduced to the Great Masters and a wide variety of other artists and their creative styles. We have ‘Art Days’ with a whole school focus on a specific artist or painting and we include art within our themed weeks. Children’s art is displayed throughout school within classrooms and as part of the corridor displays as well as within staff areas demonstrating the pride we have for our children’s talent. We participate in local art competitions and children visit art galleries to view their own and others work.

Our Design and Technology lessons encourage the designing and making of products to solve real and relevant problems. Our children learn to select from and use a wide range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their characteristics. Our cooking lessons teach the principles of nutrition and our children learn how to prepare and make a wide variety of simple recipes. They understand where food comes from and how it is grown. We believe that by instilling a love of cooking we will open a door to one of the greatest expressions of human creativity.

Computing

Computing is discretely taught weekly, every alternate half term. The curriculum is broken into three main strands; Computer Science, Digital Literacy and Digital Skills. Whilst these are taught independently, they are applied in other curriculum areas using a variety of hardware and software. Pupils have access to learning tools such as iPads, laptops, chromebooks, digital cameras and bee bots – learning how, when and why each could be used. As pupil’s journey through school, their knowledge of these tools will be expanded before they are given more control of their own choices of hardware and software in upper Key Stage 2. In every year group, children are taught how to use technology safely and responsibly in order to ensure they are committed to becoming mature and confident in their approach to the online community. The school follows the National Curriculum Programme of Study whilst using the Rising Stars schemes of work to help teachers plan exciting and relevant lessons, ensuring full curriculum coverage. In EYFS settings, pupils are taught basic Computing skills as part of the Knowledge and Understanding of the World strand.

The National Curriculum Programmes of Study for Computing can be found at:

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/239033/PRIMARY_national_curriculum_-_Computing.pdf

Geography

At Baines’ we offer a high-quality Geography education which inspires children to become curious about the world and people around them. Our Geography is relevant, purposeful and linked to current events and topical issued present in our modern world. The Geography curriculum is also linked to the rest of the curriculum where possible. As children develop their understanding of the surrounding location, facts, names and vocabulary, a sense of place will emerge which will allow our children to show empathy and understanding towards other cultures, change and opinions. Children are given opportunities to learn about topical issues such as climate change, world and fair trade.

Each year group is given opportunities for on-site and off-site field work opportunities, whether it be the local area or discovering rivers and hilly terrains. Through geographical enquiry and fieldwork, children will develop an awareness of change occurring in the world around them. The relationship between human and physical processes will be questioned throughout the programs of study.

Geography skills are developed by conducting fieldwork, communicating data and interpreting maps, globes and diagrams. Children at Baines’ learn how to use essential map reading skills, which progressively become more difficult as they move through school. Throughout their learning journey, Baines’ children learn about the world around them, climate zones and the relation between the tropics and equator. They will learn about the local area and will have opportunities to see how Marton and Blackpool have changed over time using modern technologies such as Digi-maps.

Writing in Geography is promoted through cross-curricular writing experiences which are rich in factual Geographical vocabulary. Children are given opportunities able to use new vocabulary through oral, written and presented work.

History

At Baines’, Children gain knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past, which then extends to the wider world. Teaching focusses on changes within living memory, events beyond living memory and the lives of specific individuals. Links between specific individuals will be made by comparing and contrasting their lives, and looking at the impact on the period of time would have had one them. Emphasis is placed on the local area of Marton, which is focused on in Year One for their seaside unit, and Year Five learning about how Marton has changed since the Victorian era. Links to the local area in History are also be made with Geography across the Key stages during fieldwork studies, and the use of maps/ Digimaps to see how change has occurred.

Key stage Two will learn about many periods of time in History and the effects the period of time had on Britain and changes on society today. Such periods include; The Roman Empire, Changes to Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age, Beyond 1066 and non-European units. The children progressively develop their enquiry skills by being given a range of sources, hands on experiences and chances to research areas of the unit they are interested in. Every year group gives children the opportunity to place periods on a timeline and to also make links to other periods of time they have studied in previous year groups.

Writing in History will be promoted through cross-curricular writing experiences which will be rich in factual Historical vocabulary. Children will be able to use new vocabulary through oral, written and presented work.

MFL (French)

At Baines’ we teach French, as an additional language, in discreet lessons of 30 minutes per week. These lessons begin once the children are part of KS2 although class teachers will often use some basic vocabulary such as ‘Hello’ in different languages during daily school routines. Our aim is to make learning a new language interesting and fun and provide the children with opportunities to develop the ability to hold a conversation in French about a variety of subjects.

Repetition and practice are essential in learning a new language and as such we dedicate the first third of each lesson to basic conversation. We then learn some new vocabulary from the current topic and then complete an activity to help reinforce the new vocabulary and give children the opportunity to read and write using it. We use the Language Angels scheme as a base for our language curriculum.

National Curriculum Language Programmes of Study:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-languages-programmes-of-study

French Long Term Plan

Music

In music we provide our children with a musical understanding underpinned by good knowledge and understanding of music and a developing technical expertise. We teach pupils to have a very good awareness and appreciation of different musical traditions and genres. We aim to develop in our pupils, an excellent understanding of how the historical, social and cultural origins of music contribute to the diversity of musical styles. Through our curriculum, we teach children to use musical terminology effectively, accurately and appropriately and we strive to foster a passion for a range of musical activities.

Physical Education

At Baines, we aim to develop pupils’ ability to acquire new knowledge and skills exceptionally well. We encourage the willingness to practise skills in a wide range of different activities and situations; alone, in small groups and in teams and to apply these skills in chosen activities to achieve high levels of performance. We encourage high levels of fitness and a healthy lifestyle, achieved by eating sensibly and exercising regularly. We aim for our pupils to remain physically active for sustained periods of time and to understand the importance of this in promoting long-term health and well-being. We encourage our children to take the initiative and become excellent young leaders, organising and officiating and evaluating what needs to be done to improve, as well as motivating and instilling excellent sporting attitudes in others. We teach children how to improve their own and others’ performance and to work independently for extended periods of time, using imagination and creativity in their techniques, tactics and choreography. We strive to foster a keen interest in P.E., a willingness to participate eagerly in every lesson, positive attitudes and the ability to make informed choices about engaging fully in extra-curricular sport. Through swimming lessons, we develop the ability of our pupils to swim at least 25 metres before the end of Year 6 and the knowledge of how to remain safe in and around water. All pupils, in each year group, experience an outdoor adventure day which enables them to take their love of PE into a different environment.

PSHE

Baines Endowed Primary School is a nurturing learning environment in which each child is encouraged to develop their full potential and where their achievements and successes are celebrated and rewarded.

‘As a school, we believe that children are all individuals and therefore, we aim to encourage mutual respect, responsibility and foster self-esteem in a happy and caring atmosphere. The teaching and learning of PSHE supports and upholds this vision.

The PSHE programme is reviewed and evaluated regularly to ensure provision is relevant, up-to-date and of the highest quality. Our curriculum is split into three core themes:

  • Health and wellbeing
  • Relationships
  • Living in the wider world

The aims of PSHE education within Baines Endowed Primary School are to provide children with:

  • accurate and relevant knowledge
  • opportunities to create personal understanding
  • opportunities to explore and challenge a range of values, attitudes, beliefs, rights and responsibilities
  • A range of skills and strategies to live a healthy, safe, fulfilling, responsible and balanced life.

PSHE deals with the diverse beliefs, values and attitudes that individuals and societies hold. They help pupils to develop themselves, their understanding of the world, and their ability to communicate their feelings. PSHE helps children to acquire British values and attitudes which are necessary if they are to make sense of their experiences within school and life itself, value themselves, respect others, appreciate differences and diversity and feel confident and informed as a British citizen.

PSHE education cannot exist in isolation. At Endowed Primary School it is part of a whole school approach and our curriculum provides a range of opportunities for children to make links to other areas of learning and explore a wide range of social, moral, cultural and behavioural issues.

As a school, we aim to enrich the lives of our children by providing them with the skills and opportunities to apply their learning within and beyond the curriculum. PSHE underpins our school ethos and is taught from Reception to Year 6.

Reception Curriculum

In Reception, we follow the Early Years Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage, published in March 2014, and updated in February 2018 by the DFES. We follow the progress of the children using the Development Matters Framework. This framework specifies the requirement for learning and development in the Early Years and provides specific areas of learning we must cover in our curriculum. These areas are:

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development
  • Communication and Language Development
  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design

Continuous provision is an important part of our curriculum throughout Reception.

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